According to the International Dyslexia Association, dyslexia is a “language-based learning disability [and] refers to a cluster of symptoms that result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading.” While true dyslexia is not a vision problem, a large number of individuals with dyslexia have other treatable visual problems.
Depending on its severity, a vision-related learning problem can sometimes be misidentified as dyslexia, because there are overlapping symptoms between dyslexia and vision-related learning problems. In fact, 13 of the 17 symptoms of dyslexia are also associated with vision disorders. Those who exhibit signs or symptoms of dyslexia may have a correctable vision problem, not dyslexia. However, children with dyslexia often have a visual component that is contributing to their difficulties. Therefore, it is important to first rule out the possibility of a vision problem with a Developmental Vision Evaluation when a child struggles with reading and learning.
Symptoms like a short attention span and poor reading comprehension or difficulty recognizing letters and mistaking words with similar beginnings could be mistaken for ADHD and dyslexia, respectively – or other similar disabilities.
The most common vision conditions that affect reading and learning are:
- Accommodative Dysfunction
- Amblyopia “Lazy Eye”
- Convergence Insufficiency
- Oculomotor Dysfunction
- Post-Concussion Vision Syndrome
- Visual Processing Disorder
Those with a vision-related learning problem typically show signs of:
- Eye discomfort
- Motion sickness
- Double vision
- Poor tracking
- Visual confusion
- Head tilting
- Problems with math
- Poor reading abilities
- Poor attention and concentration
- Poor handwriting skills
- Skipping lines while reading
- Closing an eye while reading
- Letter or number reversals
- Slow at completing tasks
TREATMENT – ENHANCING ACADEMIC SUCCESS
For those with dyslexia, treating a vision problem may involve vision therapy, glasses, or both. Once the vision problem is successfully treated, tutoring and other special services that aim to alleviate the symptoms of dyslexia can become more effective.
At Wow Vision Therapy, we are a leading developmental and rehabilitative vision therapy practice. Our advanced office-based approach goes beyond basic at-home treatment. Our doctors and board-certified vision therapists provide innovative vision therapy that incorporates coordinated movement, balance, auditory processing and cognitive skills. We address vision and learning problems with a personalized approach. Each session is one-on-one (therapist-to-patient), conducted under doctor supervision. Our providers utilize the most advanced technology including in-office and home support virtual reality. This treatment model gives our patients the visual abilities they need to succeed in and outside of the classroom.
Our advanced vision therapy includes:
- Visual processing development
- Oculomotor therapy
- Accommodation “focusing” development
- Binocular vision therapy
- Visual imagery therapy
- Visual-motor integration development
- Visual-vestibular integration development
Our patients report improvements in:
- Academic performance
- Reading and handwriting
- Visual memory
- Work performance
- Attention and concentration
Since starting vision therapy, the changes in Julia are unbelievable. We have watched her blossom. She is so happy! Her beautiful smile is back. As if her happiness isn’t enough, she now reads at her grade level, she understands and remembers what she reads and she can copy her work that is written on the board. Her balance has improved, she rarely complains of headaches, and for the first time ever, Julia likes school. She is a confident, fun-loving girl seeing the world clearly for the first time! As parents, we are thrilled.
Hudson reports everything is easier since he started vision therapy including no more double vision, playing sports, reading, writing, and seeing in general.
Wow Vision Therapy has helped me with so many things, especially school and baseball. Before Wow Vision Therapy, my life was so much harder. I was frustrated a lot and didn’t really know why. It seemed no matter how hard I worked, I could not read as well as my friends. Wow Vision Therapy has changed my life for the better.
We saw improvements in his school work, and not just in spelling, but all classes were coming back with B’s and A’s on his homework and tests. His first report card since joining had improved across the board. He is now becoming an A student! Then we started to notice something that we didn’t expect, and that is his self-confidence.
We would highly recommend Wow Vision Therapy to anyone with a child struggling in school. We know it has changed Isaac’s life and can’t wait to see what the future holds for Isaac.
She started the year at 47 words per minute and is currently testing at 74 words per minute. Scoring as high as 87 words per minute. Both her fluency and comprehension has increased, and she is now getting A’s and B’s in her classes. She comes home from school with energy and excitement to get her homework finished as opposed to procrastinating and dreading homework. Now she is excited about what she has learned and wants to excel and achieve! I am forever grateful for this program. The joy that comes from seeing your child’s love for learning develop is immeasurable!
Now that she has completed VT, she is able and wants to read independently. She has developed a new self-confidence that I don’t think she otherwise would have. I would recommend Wow Vision Therapy to parents who are struggling with how to help their child. I wish I wouldn’t have waited so long to do it finally!
Once Camryn started therapy at Wow Vision Therapy, we started seeing improvements within weeks. We were truly amazed! I will never forget the day that Camryn brought home her first 90% on a reading quiz. She was so proud of herself!
Since starting vision therapy, Grayson’s writing has improved, and he can now read stories without skipping words. He can read more fluently and is doing better in school. He has also improved with his hand-eye coordination and is doing better in sports.
Since starting vision therapy, Kami’s confidence has grown. She has less difficulty reading and offers to read to my younger kids. She actually looks forward to reading and enjoys it.
Over the course of his vision therapy, we saw major changes in Nasim’s behavior and attitudes. He wanted to play ball during recess (previously he refused to play any sport involving a ball). He was able to complete school assignments and homework without tears and procrastination. Now Nasim comes home from school and excitedly talks about what he’s learned that day.
He’s so happy to be able to read chapter books; finally, he’s been interested in but could never read. Lucas also used to fail all comprehension homework. His teachers would say he needed Summer School to get caught up! Now Lucas passes all comprehension work.
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Misdiagnosing Learning Disabilities | VisionHelp