Research and Literature

Developmental Vision and Rehabilitation: Vision, Reading, and Learning

American Academy of Optometry Binocular Vision, Perception, and Pediatric Optometry Position Paper on Optometric Care of the Struggling Student For parents, educators, and other professionals

Academic Behaviors in Children with Convergence Insufficiency with and without Parent-Reported ADHD

Improvement in Academic Behaviors Following Successful Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency

A survey of visual function in an Austrian population of school-age children with reading and writing difficulties

Vision Problems of Children with Individualized Education Programs

Learning-Related Vision Problems & Vision Therapy Facts & Figures

Care of the Patient with Learning Related Vision Problems

A Summary of Research and Clinical Studies on Vision and Learning

Convergence Insufficiency

Validity and Reliability of the Revised Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey in Children Aged 9 to 18 Years

The Binocular Vision Dysfunction Pandemic

Behavioral and Emotional Problems Associated with Convergence Insufficiency in Children

Does Convergence Insufficiency Really Matter?

Improvement in academic behaviors after successful treatment of convergence insufficiency, Optom Vis Sci. 2012 Jan;89(1):12

Randomized Clinical Trial of Treatments for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children, Arch Ophthalmol/vol 126(no.10), Oct 2008

Nearpoint of Convergence: Test Procedure, Target Selection, and Normative Data

Randomized Clinical Trial of Treatments for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children

Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency in Childhood: A Current Perspective

Randomized clinical trial of the effectiveness of base-in prism reading glasses versus placebo reading glasses for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children

Penlight Red/Green (PLRG) Procedure for Screening of Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence Insufficiency Symptoms Survey (CISS)

Vision Therapy / Orthoptics for Symptomatic Convergence Insufficiency in Children: Treatment Kinetics

A Survey of Treatment Modalities for Convergence Insufficiency

Accommodative Disorder

Measuring ADHD Behaviors in Children with Symptomatic Accommodative Dysfunction or Convergence Insufficiency: Preliminary Study.

Accommodative Function in School Children with Reading Difficulties. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol (2008), 1769-1774

Treatment of Accommodative Dysfunction in Children: Results from a Randomized Clinical Trial

Accommodative Insufficiency Is the Primary Source of Symptoms in Children Diagnosed With Convergence Insufficiency

Vision and Math

Subitizing: Vision Therapy for Math Deficits